When to wash
- Before, during, and after preparing food, especially raw meat or poultry
- Before eating
- Before and after caring for someone who is sick
- Before and after treating a cut or wound
- Before putting in or taking out contact lenses
- After using the toilet
- After changing diapers or cleaning a child who has used the toilet
- After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
- After touching an animal, or animal feed, toys, or waste
- After touching garbage
- After handling anything that could be germy, like a cleaning cloth or dirty shoes
- Whenever your hands look dirty
How to wash
Don’t just rinse your hands under the faucet and call them clean. You need to scrub them with soap for at least 20 seconds. (If that seems like forever, think about being in bed for a week with the flu!)
Follow these steps every time you wash:
- Wet your hands with clean running water (warm or cold) and apply soap.
- Lather and scrub well. Don’t forget the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
- Keep scrubbing for at least 20 seconds. That’s about as long as it takes to hum the "Happy Birthday" song twice.
- Rinse your hands well under running water.
- Dry your hands using a clean towel, or air dry.
If you don’t have soap and water, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Antimicrobial wipes or swabs are another choice. Look for wipes with a high percentage of alcohol. Although these sanitizers can quickly lower the number of germs on your hands, they don't get rid of all kinds of germs. Rub the sanitizer all over your hands and between your fingers until your hands are dry.
Sanitizers can’t remove visible dirt. You need soap and water for that. And skip the antibacterial soap. It’s no better at killing germs than regular soap. It may even help grow bacteria that resist the product's antimicrobial agents — making it harder to kill these germs in the future.
Help kids stay healthier
Remind your kids to wash their hands properly and often. Show them how it's done by washing your hands together. Sing the "Happy Birthday" song twice while you're at it. This keeps kids from rushing through the job. If your child can't reach the sink on his own, keep a step stool handy.
Alcohol-based hand sanitizers are fine for children and teens, especially when soap and water aren't handy. Show your child the right way to use the sanitizer. Remind her to make sure the sanitizer is dry before she touches anything. Store the container safely away after use.
Hand-washing is extra important for kids in school or group child care. Make sure your child’s teacher or caregiver promotes frequent hand-washing. (Sanitizers are OK too.) Ask if kids are made to wash their hands several times a day — not just before meals. Also note whether diaper-changing areas are cleaned after each use, and whether eating and diaper-changing areas are kept a safe distance apart.