Healthcare Glossary

Key healthcare terms

H

Hard palate
This refers to the area of the palate (approximately two-thirds of the front section), composed of relatively hard and unyielding tissue.
Health Maintenance Organization - HMO (Medicare)
HMOs are a type of Medicare Advantage Plan available in select areas of the country. Plans must cover all Medicare Part A and Part B healthcare. Some HMOs cover extra benefits, like extra days in the hospital. In most HMOs, you can only go to doctors, specialists, or hospitals on the plan’s list except in an emergency. Your costs may be lower than in Medicare Parts A and B only. Get more information on Humana Gold Plus HMO plans.
Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
With an HMO, you select a primary care physician (PCP) who's in the plan's network. Your PCP tends to most of your health needs and refers you to a specialist in the network when necessary.
Health plan

A health plan provides insurance protection against illnesses or injury. In addition, some health plans cover the costs of preventive care such as routine checkups.

HumanaOne offers a wide range of health plans for individuals and their families. Benefits of these plans may include coverage for inpatient and outpatient hospital services, preventive care treatment by specialists, and prescription drugs.

Health Savings Account (HSA)
An HSA is a tax-deductible savings account that you contribute to and can then draw on to pay for qualifying medical expenses. You must be enrolled in an IRS-qualified High Deductible Health Plan to set up a Health Savings Account.HumanaOne offers several High-Deductible Health Plans that can be combined with a Health Savings Account to save money, tax-free, for medical expenses.
Healthcare FSA
See “Flexible Spending Account – healthcare”
Healthcare provider
This is a provider of services, such as a dentist.
Hemisection
Surgical division of a tooth to allow salvage of one part of the tooth that is relatively free of disease.
High-Deductible Health Plan
This specially designed plan has one deductible that combines medical and prescription drug expenses. An HDHP is usually a Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) plan, but it also could be an HMO or Point of Service (POS) plan.
HIPAA
The "Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996." HIPAA includes four key components: Electronic Transactions, Portability, Privacy, and Security.
HMO
HMO is short for a Health Maintenance Organization. It's a type of plan that allows you to choose a primary care physician (PCP) in the plan's provider network to coordinate your care.
HMO plan
See the definition for Health Maintenance Organization (HMO).
Home healthcare
This refers to skilled nursing care and certain other healthcare you get in your home for the treatment of an illness or injury.
Hospice
A special way of caring for people who are terminally ill, hospice care includes physical care for the patient as well as counseling for the patient and the patient’s family. Hospice care is covered under Medicare Part A.
Hospital
A hospital is an institution that provides inpatient, outpatient, emergency, diagnostic, and therapeutic services while participating in and being eligible for payments under the Medicare program. The term “hospital” does not include a convalescent nursing home, rest facility, or other facility for the aged that provides assistance with daily living (referred to as “custodial care”).
HSA
See “Health Savings Account (HSA)”
HSA Transaction Block
This feature prevents all reimbursements from your Health Savings Account (HSA). When you enable the transaction block, you enjoy the benefits that come with saving HSA funds - tax-free growth, investment opportunities, and preparation for future expenses. This feature is not available to all.
Human performance evaluation
A functional test developed after the measurement of a given position’s essential job functions; this test helps the employer assess the applicant’s/employee’s ability to perform the job and/or to return to work following an injury.
Human-life value
A method to determine life insurance needs, it is based on income, expenses, potential earnings, and the projected depreciation of the dollar.
Hygienist
A trained, licensed person who performs dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist is a hygienist.