Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Flossing is good for the teeth and gum

Plaque is a sticky buildup of bacteria on your teeth. It can lead to red and irritated gums and tooth decay. But that's just the tip of the iceberg. Research finds that letting plaque build up over time can have a negative effect on your overall health.

Your mouth and plaque

When you eat or drink, plaque naturally builds up. Brushing can help get rid of some of the buildup. But if that plaque sticks around, your mouth will pay the price.

If you have food and drinks with sugars or starches in them, the bacteria in your mouth breaks them down with acid. The problem starts when plaque keeps those acids around too long.

The stickiness of the plaque keeps the acids close to your teeth and gums. The acid eats away at the enamel of your teeth. It also causes tenderness, swelling and bleeding in your gums, also called gingivitis. That can lead to gum disease which breaks down the bone supporting your teeth.

Periodontal (Gum) disease and what it just might mean

Time and time again, scientists and doctors are finding links between health problems and periodontal disease, also known as gum disease.

In fact, in 2009 the American Academy of Periodontology and The American Journal of Cardiology published a paper discussing the link between heart and periodontal disease. They recommend cardiologists ask patients if they have a history of periodontal disease. It might sound strange, but many studies link oral health and heart health.

Research also shows a link between periodontal disease and other health problems, such as:

  • Diabetes – Diabetics are more likely to have periodontal disease because diabetics are more likely to contract infections.
  • Dementia – Periodontal disease has been found to raise the risk of cognitive impairment later in life.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) – People with RA who were treated for periodontal disease had less joint pain, swelling and stiffness, all signs of RA.
  • Premature Birth – Studies have shown that pregnant mothers who have untreated periodontal disease have a higher incidence of premature births or low birth weight.

What you can do

The good news is taking care of your teeth is simple. Get them cleaned at least twice a year. Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Floss daily and use an antimicrobial mouthwash.

A few simple steps can keep your mouth and your whole body healthy for years to come.


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