Medical Radiation

Medical radiation resources

If you’d like more information about radiation exposure and cancer risk, here are some helpful websites:

Useful illustrations, guidance and tools

Scientific American magazine uses data to illustrate the amount of radiation exposure acquired from different tests and environmental sources.

http://www.scientificamerican.com/​article/​exposed-graphic-science/

Questions to ask before your CT scan
Toni Brayer, MD

http://www.kevinmd.com/blog/​2013/03/​questions-ct-scan.html

Parents need to ask: Is this CT scan necessary?
Catherine Musemeche, MD

http://www.kevinmd.com​/blog/2012/06/​parents-ct-scan.html?_sm_au_=iVV6QrZMLMtjZZL7

The risks of CT scans: what an informed patient should know
Jennifer Gunter, MD

https://drjengunter.wordpress.com/2011/07/26/​the-risks-of-ct-scans-what-an​-informed-patient-should-know/

Radiation from Cardiac Imaging Tests, Questions You Should Ask
Andrew J. Einstein, MD, PhD
American Heart Association

http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/​127/11/e495.full

Questions and answers about radiation exposure for women who may be, or might become, pregnant Health Physics Society

http://hps.org/publicinformation/ate​/faqs/pregnancyand​radiationexposure.html

Radiation test calculator tool from the American Society of Radiologic Technologies

http://www.xrayrisk.com/​calculator/​calculator.php

Environmental Protection Agency tool to estimate your environmental radiation exposure

http://www.epa.gov/radiation/​understand/​calculate.html

Articles:

When to question CT scans and X-rays
Radiation from these tests can increase your cancer risk

http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/​2015/01/when-to-skip-ct​-scans-and-x-rays/​index.htm

Too many CT scans ordered for children with concussions, says new study Cincinnati Children’s Hospital

http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/news/​release/​2014/​concussion-ct-scans-10-13-2014/

How much do CT scans increase the risk of cancer?
Scientific American

http://www.scientificamerican.com/​article/​how-much-ct-scans​-increase-risk-cancer/

U.S. Food and Drug Administration begins initiative to reduce unnecessary radiation exposure from medical imaging

http://www.fda.gov/Radiation-EmittingProducts/​RadiationSafety/​RadiationDoseReduction/​default.htm

Task force: Hey Washington, you might be getting too much medical care Seattle Post-Intelligencer

http://blog.seattlepi.com/​bigscience/​2014/10/14/​task-force-hey-washington-you​-might-be-getting-too-much-medical-care/​#27385101=0

Government agencies:

The National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health
CT scan explanation

http://www.cancer.gov/​cancertopics/​factsheet/​detection/​CT

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Ionizing Radiation and Diagnostic Examinations fact page

http://www.cdc.gov​/nceh/radiation/​ionizing.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Natural Sources of Radiation fact page

http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/​radiation/natural.htm

Environmental Protection Agency
Radiation, ionizing vs. non-ionizing explanation

http://www.epa.gov/radiation/​understand/ionize_nonionize.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Fact page on UV Radiation

http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/​radiation/ultraviolet.htm

Study links:

Radiation Dose Associated With Common Computed Tomography Examinations and the Associated Lifetime Attributable Risk of Cancer
Journal of the American Medical Association

http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/​article.aspx?articleid=415384

Report on Carcinogens, explaining radiation’s cancer causing properties
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

http://radpad.com/​LIB%20ScientificPapersShort/​HS-ReportCarcinogens-excerpt-public.pdf

Study overview: radiation exposure from CT scans in childhood and subsequent risk of leukaemia and brain tumours
The Lancet, medical journal

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/​lancet/article/​PIIS0140-6736(12)60815-0/abstract

Addressing overutilization in medical imaging.
Department of Radiology, Medical College of Wisconsin

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/​pubmed/​20736333

Industry sites:

American Society of Radiologic Technologists

http://www.xrayrisk.com/

Device manufacturers

www.medicalradiation.com

Physician-affiliated organization, ABIM Foundation

http://www.choosingwisely.org/​doctor-patient-lists/

Radiological Society of North America and the American College of Radiology

http://www.radiologyinfo.org/​index.cfm?bhcp=1