Here’s guidance from the National Weather Service, Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention to help you in case of flooding in your area.

  1. Know your area’s risk. FEMA’s Flood Map Service Center , opens new windowcan tell you if you live in a flood plain and the annual chance of flooding in your area. Remember, most home insurance policies do not cover flooding.

    If you have a river nearby, you can check flood gauges, river forecasts and stages for flooding by using the National Weather Service's Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service , opens new window.

  2. Make a plan. Create a plan that includes the steps your family will take in response to a flood. Know specific flood evacuation routes and remember to never walk or drive across flooded roads.
  3. Recognize warnings and alerts for flooding.

    National Weather Service Definitions , opens new window

    Flood Watch: Flooding is possible. Be prepared to take action.

    Flood Warning: Flooding is imminent or occurring now. Take action.

    Flood Advisory: There may be some flooding in your area, but not enough to issue a warning.

  4. Build a kit. Make sure you have a kit with essential supplies specifically for a flood. This can include rubber boots, sturdy shoes, waterproof gloves, insect repellent (containing DEET), and long-sleeved clothing to protect from any mosquitoes in standing water.
  5. Prepare your home.
    1. Unplug appliances to prevent electrical shock.
    2. Be prepared to turn off electrical power before you evacuate when there is standing water or downed power lines.
    3. Ensure you have a sump pump with backup power.
    4. If you live in a flood prone area, ensure electrical components are at least 12 inches above your home’s projected flood elevation.
    5. If you live in a flood plain, install backflow valves to prevent water from entering your home.

Disaster checklist

Build your own emergency kit