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South Carolina Medicaid: Asthma triggers and action plan

Asthma1 is a disease that affects your lungs. Asthma can cause repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and nighttime or early morning coughing. Your doctor can help you learn how to manage your asthma.
Woman with two small children play outdoors

Asthma in adults

Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs. In most cases, we don’t know:

  • What causes asthma
  • How to cure asthma

If you have asthma, you can control it1 by:

  • Knowing the warning signs of an attack
  • Staying away from things that trigger an attack
  • Following your doctor’s advice about your asthma

Asthma in children

Asthma2 is one of the most common long-term diseases of children, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A child who has asthma has asthma all the time. A child only will have an asthma attack when something bothers his or her lungs.

If you think your child has asthma, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe an inhaler for your child to use when he or she has an asthma attack.

Want to learn how to use an inhaler? Or want to help a child get comfortable with an inhaler? Check out this video from the CDC about how to use an asthma inhaler, opens new window.

Asthma triggers

If you have asthma, many things indoors can cause an asthma attack. Some common triggers include:3

Talk to your doctor about:

  • Your triggers
  • A potential treatment plan
  • How to reduce exposure to asthma triggers

Asthma action plan

If you have asthma, ask your doctor about helping you with an asthma action plan. An asthma action plan encourages self-management of asthma and includes:

  • A list of asthma triggers
  • Emergency telephone numbers
  • Information about how to avoid asthma triggers
  • Instructions for taking asthma medicine
  • Information on what to do during an asthma episode
  • Instructions on when to call a doctor

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