Don’t be frightened by the numbers. You have options.

One of the first things you probably want to know when considering a Medicare plan is what it covers. That makes perfect sense, but it’s important to know what Medicare doesn’t cover, as well. Those numbers can add up.

For example, you might be surprised to learn that Original Medicare offers limited coverage for most dental services,1 most corrective lenses2 or hearing aids.3 So if a dental visit for a toothache turns into a $1,000 bill for a root canal, you’ll pay that out of pocket.

And the next time you really can’t find your glasses? Yep, you’ll be paying out-of-pocket for a new pair.

Add to that out-of-pocket costs for plan copays, deductibles and monthly premiums and you might start feeling the pinch.

An unexpected illness or injury requiring a hospital stay can send those numbers through the roof.

Here’s a helpful snapshot of your choices

Original Medicare Part A and Part B for 2023

Costs Part A premium People who’ve worked for 10 years or more, and had Social Security taxes withheld, generally don’t have to pay a premium for Part A. Part A deductible and coinsurance4
  • $1,600 deductible for each benefit period*
  • Days 1–60: $0 coinsurance for each benefit period
  • Days 61–90: $400 coinsurance per day of each benefit period
  • Days 91 and beyond: $800 coinsurance per each "lifetime reserve day" after day 90 for each benefit period (up to 60 days over your lifetime)
  • Beyond lifetime reserve days: all costs
Part B premium5 The standard Part B monthly premium amount in 2023 is $164.90 or higher, depending on your income Part B deductible and coinsurance6 In 2023, the annual deductible for Part B coverage is $226, after which you typically pay 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for most doctor services, outpatient therapy, and durable medical equipment (DME) Annual maximum out-of-pocket costs There is no maximum out-of-pocket limit with Original Medicare

Optional Medicare Part D and Medicare Supplement plans

Costs Part D premium (prescription drug plan)

Part D premiums, deductibles and copays vary by plan

See costs for our Medicare prescription drug plans

Medicare Supplement insurance

There is a monthly premium for these plans. Medicare Supplement plans help pay some of the healthcare costs that Original Medicare doesn't cover, like copayments, coinsurance, and deductibles. They generally don't cover long-term care, vision or dental care, hearing aids, eyeglasses, or private-duty nursing. See costs for our Medicare Supplemental plans

Optional supplemental benefits: vision, dental and fitness

There is a monthly premium for these plans.

See costs for Humana’s optional supplemental benefits

Medicare Advantage (offered by private insurers like Humana)

Costs Part C premium

Part C premiums, deductibles and copays vary by plan.

Compare costs for Humana’s Medicare Advantage (Part C) plans.

Annual maximum out-of-pocket costs

All Medicare Advantage plans offer an annual maximum out-of-pocket limit.

*A benefit period begins the day you're admitted as an inpatient in a hospital or skilled nursing facility (SNF). The benefit period ends when you haven't gotten any inpatient hospital care (or skilled care in a SNF) for 60 days in a row. If you go into a hospital or a SNF after 1 benefit period has ended, a new benefit period begins. You must pay the inpatient hospital deductible for each benefit period. There's no limit to the number of benefit periods. Having to spend time in the hospital several times over the course of a single year can also increase these costs.

Humana answers your Medicare questions


  1. “Dental Services,”, last accessed October 5, 2022,
  2. “Eyeglasses & Contact Lenses,”, last accessed October 5, 2022,
  3. “Hearing aids,”, last accessed October 5, 2022,
  4. “Medicare costs at a glance,”, last accessed October 5, 2022,
  5. “Medicare costs at a glance.”
  6. “Medicare costs at a glance.”

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