Healthy eating is essential to managing diabetes. Your first step is to understand food.
There are four basic food groups in a diet for managing diabetes: Carbohydrates, non-starchy vegetables, protein, and fat.
- Carbohydrates are turned into blood sugar (glucose) and used as energy or stored as fat in the body. To manage diabetes, pay attention to the total amount of carbohydrates.
- Non-starchy vegetables have a lesser effect on blood sugar than starchy ones; they provide valuable vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
- Protein helps your body maintain and grow muscle as well as provides some energy.
- Fats are an important part of a healthy diet and should not be eliminated. Vital for maintaining healthy skin and transporting fat-soluble vitamins, they have little effect on blood sugar.
In addition to maintaining a diet of healthy foods, drinking plenty of water is extremely important to healthy living. You will want to drink about half your body weight in ounces of water per day.