Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, happens when the body doesn’t make enough insulin to counter rising sugar levels in the blood. Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar and happens when blood sugar levels are too low.
Blood sugar monitoring gives you a snapshot of blood sugar levels at the moment of testing. Consistent monitoring starts to show how food, exercise, medicine, illness, and stress affect your blood sugar levels. It also helps you see patterns or triggers of high and low episodes.
The best idea is to see your doctor and make a plan to monitor your blood sugar. Then you can work together to keep it under control.
The result of an A1C test will give you an average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of hemoglobin – a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen – that is coated with sugar. The higher the A1C level, the higher the average blood sugar over the period, and the higher the risk of diabetes complications.
Goal blood sugar ranges for people with diabetes:
|Fasting||70 – 110|
|Before a meal||70 – 130|
|1 hour after a meal||less than 180|
|2 hours after a meal||less than 140|